An over-the-counter vitamin pill could slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease, according to a promising new study.
A six-month human trial will go ahead next year, after scientists found a form of vitamin B3 protected animals from memory loss associated with the condition. The vitamin tends to be found in foods that are good sources of protein such as red meat, poultry, fish and nuts.
High doses of the water-soluble supplement Nicotinamide, which is sold in health food stores, will be given to 70 people recently diagnosed with the degenerative condition in a trial due to start next year.
If a success, it could provide a cheap and effective treatment for the estimated 417,000 people in Britain diagnosed with Alzheimer's. There is currently no cure for any type of dementia.
The vitamin was first tested on mice by a team from the University of California, who have revealed their results in the Journal of Neuroscience. The team tested rodents modified to develop Alzheimer's using a water-maze and object recognition tasks over four months.
They found that treated Alzheimer's mice performed at the same level as normal mice, while untreated Alzheimer's mice experienced memory loss.
Source - Daily Mail