Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting 8.75 million people in the UK, according to Arthritis Research UK.
Osteoarthritis is the wearing away of the cartilage, which cushions the joint. As it erodes, it becomes roughened, reducing mobility. Sometimes fragments of the joint break off and cause catching, locking and pain in the joint.
In the extreme, when osteoarthritis (OA) becomes advanced, the bones can start to rub together which can become incredibly painful. With this friction, boney growths called osteophytes sometimes develop creating more pain and reducing the mobility of the joint further.
There is a common belief that OA is simply an inevitable part of the ageing process with nothing to be done to prevent or ease it, particularly if it ‘runs in the family’. However this is simply not true. Scientific research is providing evidence to show that lifestyle has a bigger influence than genes on the progression OA. In other words, just because your mother and grandmother had painful, swollen joints does not mean this has to be your reality too.
Source - Daily Mail