Mediterranean-style diet reduces stroke risk in heart patients

People with heart disease have a lower risk of heart attack and strokes if they eat a Mediterranean-style diet, according to an international study of more than 15,000 people in 39 countries.

The study is the latest to extol the potential benefits of consuming fruit, vegetables, fish and unrefined foods. It found that for every 100 people with heart disease eating the highest proportion of healthy Mediterranean foods, there were three fewer heart attacks, strokes or deaths compared with 100 people eating the least amount of healthy foods during a three-and-a-half-year period. The researchers also found that consumption of a so-called western diet - deep-fried foods, refined carbohydrates and sugary drinks – did not increase the risk of such events. They suggested that this showed eating greater amounts of healthy food was more important for people with heart disease than avoiding unhealthy foods.

Prof Ralph Stewart, from Auckland City hospital in New Zealand, who led the study, said: “The main message is that some foods – and particularly fruit and vegetables – seem to lower the risk of heart attacks and strokes, and this benefit is not explained by traditional risk factors such as good and bad cholesterol or blood pressure. If you eat more of these foods in preference to others, you may lower your risk.” He added: “The study found no evidence of harm from modest consumption of foods such as refined carbohydrates, deep-fried foods, sugars and desserts.”

Public health guidelines already advise that a Mediterranean diet can help prevent cardiovascular disease but the authors of the paper, published on Monday in the European Heart Journal, wanted to look specifically at the effects on people who already had heart disease.

Source  - Guardian

Drinking cherry juice is 'as good as medication' for high blood pressure.

Drinking cherry juice is as good as taking drugs at reducing blood pressure, researchers have found.
People who drank 60ml of cherry concentrate, diluted with water, saw their blood pressure drop by 7 per cent within three hours. This was enough to slash the risk of a stroke by 38 per cent or heart disease by 23 per cent. Patients who take blood pressure medication see a similar impact, scientists at Northumbria University said.

High blood pressure affects some five million people in England and, if left untreated, increases risk of heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, stroke and dementia.

The research team, whose work is published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, tested 15 people who were displaying early signs of high blood pressure. The volunteers were given either 60ml of a Montmorency cherry concentrate diluted with 100ml of water, or the same volume of a ‘placebo’ drink, a fruit-flavoured cordial.

Source  - Daily Mail

Could oily fish pills improve your teen's behaviour?

Teenagers are notorious for making poor food choices - favouring pizzas, fizzy drinks and crisps over proper balanced meals.

So it might sound as if the makers of Wellteen, a supplement made for teenagers 'tailored' for their developing brains, are on to something. Research seems to back this up - a recent study by the University of Oxford showed teenagers given the supplement for three months were better behaved than those given a placebo, according to teachers' ratings of behaviour. The researchers say it is the first study to show clearly that oral supplements can improve behaviour in healthy youngsters.

One key ingredient is omega 3 - the fatty acids vital for building connections between brain cells, which influences our behaviour. Our bodies can't make them, so we need to get them from our diet. Oily fish is the richest source of omega 3s. There is some evidence that a lack of omega 3 may be linked to an increased risk of behavioural problems.

A study in the International Review of Psychiatry in 2006 suggested deficiencies in omega 3 may lower levels of brain chemicals at critical periods of neuro-development, and lead to problems such as aggression. And a study in the journal Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics in 2013 reviewed this evidence and concluded that giving a multi-nutrient supplement could help treat anti-social behaviour and other psychiatric symptoms.

Source  - Daily Mail